ISC
UQAM

Esprits créatifs : origines cognitives de l'art et de la découverte

Cognitio 2013

Colloque jeunes chercheurs en sciences cognitives

Montréal, 26, 27, et 28 juin 2013

Ce colloque a pour but de présenter un état des lieux de la recherche cognitive actuelle (théorique et empirique) et de permettre des échanges académiques entre des jeunes chercheurs de différentes disciplines, intéressés par les mêmes problématiques. Des étudiants en sciences cognitives, robotique, biologie, psychologie, anthropologie cognitive, linguistique, philosophie et neurosciences présenteront des communications.

La thématique du colloque, cette année, est :

Le colloque aura lieu l'Université du Québec à Montréal les 26, 27, et 28 juin 2013.

Conférencier et conférencière invités

Steven Mithen, University of Reading

The Evolutionary Origins of Creativity

The human species is often distinguished from all other species, including its closest living relative the chimpanzee, by its level of creativity. While this is most evidently displayed in art and music, creativity pervades science and indeed the whole of human thought and behaviour. How and when did such creativity arise? What is its relationship to other unique human characteristics such as language and an especially large brain? The Homo genus emerged more than two million years ago since when there have been numerous species of Homo, including Homo habilis, Homo ergaster, Homo heidelbergensis and Homo nenanderthalensis. Did all of these humans also have creative minds? Homo sapiens, our species, evolved a mere 200,000 years ago but is the only member of the Homo genus that survives today. Could that be explained by its creative mind?

Liane Gabora, University of British Columbia

The Origin and Evolution of Creative Ideas

How does the human mind come up with new ideas? It is widely assumed that creative thought involves haphazardly generating a set of well-formed, predefined candidate ideas, and then selecting amongst them. I will introduce an alternative, referred to as the honing theory of creativity, according to which: (1) Creative individuals wrestle with issues or ideas that are ill-formed, or in a state of potentiality, which take shape by considering them from different perspectives or contexts. (2) Creative outputs are the external manifestation of the process by which an individual’s internal model of the world, or worldview, self-organizes into a more stable structure. Just as a body heals itself when wounded, elements of a body of knowledge modify each other to solve problems, reduce dissonance, or accommodate unexpected events. Most thoughts have little effect on the worldview, but the occasional thought triggers another, which triggers an avalanche of conceptual change, resulting in insight. I will present converging evidence for the honing theory of creativity from neuroscience, studies of analogy formation and creative style, a mathematical theory of concepts that incorporates their contextual, non-compositional nature, and a computer model of cultural evolution.

À propos de Cognitio

Cognitio a été fondé en 2004 par Benoit Hardy-Vallée. Le colloque n'a cessé de grandir en impact et en popularité depuis. Il s'agit maintenant d'un événement biennal, tenu en alternance avec l'école d'été de l'Institut des sciences cognitives de l'UQAM.